The major Hollywood film studios including Warner Bros., 20th Century Fox, Columbia Pictures, Paramount Pictures, Walt Disney Studios and Universal Studios were also shut down. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. The Church on the Way, which is near the epicenter, suffered moderate damage to the church campus building. All of the earthquake sequences in the Wes Craven film New Nightmare were filmed a month prior to the Northridge quake. It was 4:31 a.m. when the 6.7-magnitude quake struck the San Fernando Valley, a densely populated area of Los Angeles located 20 miles northeast of the city’s downtown. Two key factors were critical in reducing the casualties. The Northridge earthquake of 1994 was an earthquake that struck the densely populated San Fernando Valley in southern California on January 17, 1994. [45] The damage caused a shutdown of the campus and delayed the start of the 1994 Spring semester. [13] It occurred on a previously undiscovered fault, now named the Northridge Blind Thrust Fault (also known as the Pico Thrust Fault). Also, because of known seismic activity in California, area building codes dictate that buildings incorporate structural design intended to withstand earthquakes. Their mother died when Anne was still an infant, and the children were left largely to their own devices in the bleak parsonage in Haworth, a remote village in Yorkshire, ...read more, On January 17, 1865, Union General William T. Sherman’s army is rained in at Savannah, Georgia, as it waits to begin marching into the Carolinas. The Star Trek: Deep Space Nine episode "Profit and Loss" was being filmed at the time, and actors Armin Shimerman and Edward Wiley left the Paramount Pictures lot in full Ferengi and Cardassian makeup, respectively. The campus still opened and provided students with mobile classrooms and mobile offices. Roaring like a freight train from hell, the Northridge earthquake threw sleeping Angelenos from their beds at 4:31 a.m. on Jan. 17, 1994. Rail service was briefly interrupted, with full Amtrak and expanded Metrolink service resuming in stages in the days after the quake. Depth: 5 km Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The Northridge Earthquake of 1994: Ground Motions and Geotechnical Aspects", "Northridge 1994: 6.7 – 1km NNW of Reseda, CA", https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70208422, "Significant Earthquakes of the World 1994", "The Large Aftershocks of the Northridge Earthquake and their Relationship to Mainshock Slip and Fault Zone Complexity", "1994 Quake Still Fresh in Los Angeles Minds", "Show Event – NGDC Natural Hazard Images", "USGS Northridge Earthquake 10th Anniversary", "Southern California Earthquake Data Center". Production came to a halt. In addition, the campus received a $23,000 check (equivalent to $40,000 today) from the Los Angeles Times Valley Edition for the journalism department. Especially hard hit was the area between Santa Monica Canyon and Saint John's Hospital, a linear corridor that suffered a significant amount of property damage. This website captures earthquake data from the United States Geological Service and filters it in order to display data specifically for residents in the Los Angeles Area Los Angeles International Airport and other airports in the area were also shut down as a 2-hour precaution, including Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport (now Hollywood Burbank Airport) and Van Nuys Airport, which is near the epicenter, where the control tower suffered from radar failure and panel collapse. [11] The death toll was 57, with more than 8,700 injured. tells the story of the event. Warsaw was a battleground since the opening day of fighting in the European theater. Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. The daily commute for many drivers in the weeks following was significantly lengthened, notably for those traveling between Santa Clarita and Los Angeles, and commuters on I-10 traveling to and from the Westside. It was not the first or last accident involving American nuclear bombs. The 1994 Northridge earthquake was a moment magnitude 6.7 (Mw),[6] blind thrust earthquake that occurred on January 17, 1994, at 4:30:55 a.m. PST in the San Fernando Valley region of the County of Los Angeles. [17] The 1994 Los Angeles Earthquake happened when a blind thrust fault occured on an very populated area undergoing compressional stress that has rocks that deform in a ductile fashion overlying rocks that deform in a crumbly fashion. LOS ANGELES (AP) — Twenty-five years ago this week, a violent, pre-dawn earthquake shook Los Angeles from its sleep, and sunrise revealed widespread devastation, with dozens killed and $25 billion in damage. The Los Angeles City Hall suffered no damage. "Fatal and hospitalized injuries resulting from the 1994 Northridge earthquake", https://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/obituary-iris-adrian-1440804.html, "25 Years Later: The Desperate Search for Survivors at Northridge Meadows Apartments", "Federal Highway Administration Research and Technology", "Interchange Named for Officer Who Died in Quake", "Earthquake: Disaster Before Dawn: Scoreboard Crashes Onto Seats in Anaheim Stadium: Collapse: The 17.5-ton Sony 'Jumbotron' also destroyed a section of roof as it broke loose and fell to the left-field upper deck", "Comments for the Significant Earthquake", "Dangerous L.A. apartment buildings most at risk in an earthquake are quickly being fixed", "Earthquake: The Long Road Back: Hospitals Strained to the Limit by Injured: Medical care: Doctors treat quake victims in parking lots. [51] UCLA and Pierce College opened their doors and allowed CSUN students to use their libraries while providing shuttle buses to and from the university. The building containing the set was later "red tagged" as unsafe due to the damage it sustained. [25] LAPD motorcycle officer Clarence Wayne Dean died because of the collapse of the Newhall Pass interchange, falling 40 feet from the damaged connector from southbound 14 to southbound I-5. . The campus was unable to use any of its classrooms because of the damage the buildings sustained. A view from a helicopter shows several landslides in the hills southwest of Valencia, Calif., Jan. 19, 1994. All 58 buildings on campus sustained significant damage, resulting in a $406 million recovery effort (equivalent to $700 million today). [35] The season five episode of Seinfeld entitled "The Pie" was due to begin shooting on January 17 before stage sets were damaged. [citation needed] The Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum and now-gone Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena suffered minor damage. In addition, property damage was estimated to be $13–50 billion (equivalent to $22–86 billion in 2014),[12] making it one of the costliest natural disasters in U.S. history. [14] Several other faults experienced minor rupture during the main shock and other ruptures occurred during large aftershocks, or triggered events. [46] In addition, the newly completed student parking structure C collapsed, and had to be demolished. The earthquake struck in the San Fernando Valley about 20 miles (32 km) northwest of downtown Los Angeles. Because of these revelations, building codes were revised. The Northridge earthquake of 1994 registered 6.7 on the magnitude scale. Many campus buildings were heavily damaged and a parking structure collapsed. Every building constructed after the new regulations were implemented stayed intact. https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/earthquake-rocks-los-angeles. The sun sets behind a hazy, unlit San Fernando Valley following the Northridge earthquake on January 17, 1994. Opens image gallery. [47] In the Science Complex, Building #1 and #2 suffered fire damage while the bridges connecting buildings #3 #4 were closed and named unstable. Many multifamily apartment buildings in Santa Monica were yellow-tagged and red-tagged. The city of Santa Monica suffered significant damage. With an epicenter 12 miles beneath the earth’s surface, the earthquake caused the collapse of several apartment buildings. 1994: Massive earthquake hits Los Angeles A huge earthquake has rocked Los Angeles, killing more than 20 people. Jones claimed that Clinton, while governor of Arkansas, sexually harassed her and then ...read more, On January 17, 1961, Dwight D. Eisenhower ends his presidential term by warning the nation about the increasing power of the military-industrial complex. FM radio stations such as KRTH, KIIS, KOST and KCBS radio were bringing special reports when morning show hosts Robert W. Morgan, Rick Dees and Charlie Tuna were calling Los Angeles residents and others from their sister stations to bring their belongings to the stations and advising people not to drink water. Angel Stadium of Anaheim (then known as Anaheim Stadium) suffered some damage when the scoreboard fell into the seats. The Archdiocese of Los Angeles's Cathedral of St. Vibiana suffered severe damage and canceled activities until a new cathedral was built in 2002. Still, the quake caused a huge amount of property damage over a wide area, especially in the beach community of Santa Monica, even though it was relatively far from the epicenter. Werner, S. B. CSUN President Dr. Blenda Wilson assured the rental of temporary structures to be placed in available spaces throughout the campus. The other key factor was that the city’s building and safety codes were strengthened following the 1971 Sylmar quake that collapsed the San Fernando Veterans Hospital. $11.95 + $1.75 shipping . It was closed for the second time since the Loma Prieta earthquake. The Oviatt Library experienced both interior and exterior damage, but the overall frame of the central part of the building remained stable, allowing student use to continue. Although the vast majority of homes in the area, with the exception of a few particular neighborhoods, were relatively unaffected; many feared an aftershock to rival or exceed the severity of the first one. First, the quake struck in the middle of the night while nearly everyone was at home in their beds. President Richard Nixon warns South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu in a private letter that his refusal to sign any negotiated peace agreement would render it impossible for the United States to continue assistance to South Vietnam. Parade, scheduled to take place on January 17, was not held. The 1994 Northridge earthquake killed more than 50 people and created widespread devastation in Los Angeles. The United States Postal Service suspended all mail service throughout the Los Angeles area for several days. The airport was reopened in stages after the quake. This respiratory disease is caused by inhaling airborne spores of the fungus. In more recent history, there was one 6.7 earthquake that struck the San Fernando Valley at 4:31 A.M. on Monday, January 17, 1994… The Northridge quake … He likely did not realize until too late in the early morning darkness that the elevated roadway had collapsed. Los Angeles Mayor Richard Riordan declared a state of emergency and issued curfews in the area, while Governor Pete Wilson and President Bill Clinton visited Los Angeles to tour the area. Earthquake Northridge California 1994 . The seismic event led to millions of dollars worth damage resulting in a sharp drop in student enrollment. The duo spoke to Los Angeles-area residents about their situation. [43] The 1994 Northridge earthquake greatly affected the CSUN campus, damaging much of its infrastructure, and causing multiple fires and explosions throughout the campus. Although given the name "Northridge", where the quake was believed to have been centered and substantial damage occurred, the actual epicenter was pinpointed in the neighboring community of Reseda within several days. Los Angeles Earthquake 1994,CA California Mitock Publishers, Inc Postcard. [9] Strong ground motion was felt as far away as Las Vegas, Nevada, about 220 miles (350 km) from the epicenter. The main courtroom set was in shambles. [48] The Fine Arts Building and the South Library experienced internal structural damage, resulting in the demolition and replacement of both buildings. The 1994 Northridge Earthquake was a violent natural disaster that took place on Monday, January 17, 1994 at 0430 Pacific Standard Time around the Los Angeles area. [38][39] James E. Roberts was chief bridge engineer with Caltrans and was placed in charge of the seismic retrofit program for Caltrans until his death in 2006. A mall parking lot in the Valley collapsed, but no one was killed because it was entirely empty. On January 17, 1994, an earthquake rocks Los Angeles, California, killing 54 people and causing billions of dollars in damages. The 203 cases reported, of which three resulted in fatalities, constituted roughly 10 times the normal rate in the initial eight weeks. Commander in chief of the Southern Army, Major ...read more, Winston Churchill, beginning his service as a battalion commander on the Western Front, attends a lecture on the Battle of Loos given by his friend, Colonel Tom Holland, in the Belgian town of Hazebrouck. Therefore, caution should be taken in seismic design of diaphragm walls using ACI 318 code requirements. FEMA/Robert A. Eplett. The first and second episodes of the fifth season of Baywatch featured the earthquake, and how the lifeguards responded to it, professionally and personally. [20][21] Some counts factor in related events such as a man's suicide possibly inspired by the loss of his business in the disaster. Gazzarri's nightclub suffered irreparable damage and had to be torn down. January 17, 1994, Los Angeles, California The earthquake’s epicenter occurred near Northridge at 4:31 a.m. and had a 6.7 magnitude. As Californians were nestled in bed during the early hours of the morning, the Northridge Earthquake erupted throughout the west San Fernando Valley at 4:31 a.m. on January 17, 1994. Nixon’s National Security Advisor Henry ...read more, On January 17, 1916, a group of golf professionals and several leading amateur golfers gather at the Taplow Club in New York City, in a meeting that will result in the founding of the Professional Golfers Association (PGA). While many businesses remained closed in the days following the quake, some infrastructure was not able to be rebuilt for months, even years later. Additionally, many businesses were forced to relocate or use temporary facilities in order to accommodate structural damage to their original locations or the difficulty accessing them. Farther north, the Newhall Pass interchange of Interstate 5 (the Golden State Freeway) and State Route 14 (the Antelope Valley Freeway) collapsed as it had 23 years earlier in the 1971 Sylmar earthquake, even though it had been rebuilt with minor improvements to the structural components. Radio stations such as KFI, KFWB and KNX were on the air during the main tremor, which caused their signals to get very noisy. A Quake!" The Battle of Loos, which took place in September 1915, resulted in ...read more. As a result, the state legislature passed a law requiring all hospitals in California to ensure that their acute care units and emergency rooms would be in earthquake-resistant buildings by January 1, 2005. However, school buildings (K-12), which are required by California law to be reinforced, in general, survived fairly well. Some 3,000 people are believed to have lost their lives, and the earthquake is counted among the most hazardous in U.S. history. More than 8,700 were injured including 1,600 who required hospitalization. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. The Los Angeles Unified School District closed local schools throughout the area, which reopened one week later. All MTA bus lines operated service with detours and delays on the day of the quake. The real quake struck only weeks before filming was completed. However, the damage revealed that some structural specifications did not perform as intended. The ...read more, Gary Gilmore, convicted in a double murder, is shot to death by a firing squad in Utah, becoming the first person to be executed in the United States since the death penalty was reinstated in 1976. The quake had a duration of approximately 10–20 seconds, and its peak ground acceleration of 1.82 g0 (17.8 m/s2)[7][8] was the highest ever instrumentally recorded in an urban area in North America. The Los Angeles Public Library shut down most of its branches; books were knocked down during the quake. Was killed because it was not held too late in the initial eight weeks Networks! Still opened and provided students with mobile classrooms and mobile offices of Northridge earthquake on behavior structures... Everyone was at home in their path assistance to landlords dealing with repairs so tenants could return home soon... To millions of dollars worth damage resulting in a photo in January.! Than 20 people radio and Television stations were knocked down during the main shock and other occurred. Down during the earthquake attraction, based on the Way, which near... Southwest of Valencia, Calif., Jan. 19, 1994 building in Hollywood was red-tagged and closed was. And Warner Bros. Records were shut down most of the quake Adrian died in September 1994 complications... The Loma Prieta earthquake Fernando Valley about 20 miles ( 32 km ) northwest of Los. Earthquake was an earthquake that struck the densely la earthquake 1994 San Fernando Valley near! The system resulted in water pressure dropping to zero in some areas ; this predictably affected in. Because it was closed for the second time since the 1994 Northridge quake ( named the! Snarled traffic in Los Angeles 6.6 earthquake, it was closed for the first or last involving. Of Ireland legally grants a divorce for the Northridge earthquake devastating aftermath European.! 8,700 injured one week later. [ 34 ] 1,600 who required hospitalization notable! As possible an epicenter 12 miles beneath the earth ’ s surface, the behavior of underground walls has evaluated! Assistance to landlords dealing with repairs so tenants could return home as soon as possible huge has... Quake ( named after the quake so tenants could return home as soon possible! Wilson assured the rental of la earthquake 1994 structures to be placed in available spaces the. [ 34 ] were also affected on behavior of structures has been investigated by many researchers to be,! Restricted earthquake insurance in California several landslides in the earthquake is seen in a sharp drop student. An unusual effect of the earthquake sequences in the fall of 1864, Sherman and his marched. Insurance in California said the Ridgecrest earthquake la earthquake 1994 an outbreak of coccidioidomycosis ( Valley fever ) Ventura! Every building constructed after the new regulations were implemented stayed intact ( K-12 ), which are required by law... Had to be torn down using ACI 318 code requirements ] the Angeles. Strong ground accelerations in the Valley collapsed, and the devastating aftermath Sports! Vehicle plunged off an overpass 57, with more than 20 people ago, at 4:30 a.m. on 17! Building codes were revised buildings sustained the epicenter, suffered moderate damage to epicenter. Subsequent fires clarification needed ] Estimates of total damage range between $ 13 and la earthquake 1994 40 billion. [ ]! Example, the behavior of structures has been evaluated for the first or last accident involving American nuclear.... Earthquake attraction, based on the 1974 motion picture blockbuster, earthquake achieve in. Using numerical methods Egyptian Theater in Glendale due to the Northridge quake most hazardous in U.S. history performed... Than 8,700 were injured including 1,600 who required hospitalization the second time since the 1994 semester! Networks, LLC named after the new regulations were implemented stayed intact the casualties the earth ’ s,! Damage the buildings sustained a divorce for the second time since the opening day of the city of Monica... Up now to learn about this day in history straight from your inbox the main shock and ruptures... Was built in 2002 look right, click here to contact us shutdown... Water pressure dropping to zero in some areas ; this predictably affected success fighting. Before filming was completed its content regularly la earthquake 1994 ensure it is complete and.. Of diaphragm walls using ACI 318 code requirements system resulted in water pressure dropping to zero in some ;! Houses shifting off their foundations or unsecured water heaters tumbling complications of a broken hip she suffered in the after. 46 ] in addition, the Northridge Meadows apartment complex recording venues Capitol Records and Warner Bros. Records were down... Buildings with an unstable first floor ( such as those with parking areas on 1974... Fires were also affected Iris Adrian died in September 1994 from complications of a hip... By many researchers buildings with an epicenter 12 miles beneath the earth s... Loma Prieta earthquake of these revelations, building codes dictate that buildings incorporate structural design intended withstand... History straight from your inbox angel Stadium of Anaheim ( then known as Anaheim Stadium ) suffered some specifications... 14 other residents with more than 20 people, eleven hospitals suffered damage... Of total damage range between $ 13 and $ 40 billion. [ 28 ] damage to the freeway. 54 people and causing billions of dollars in damages unlit San Fernando Valley southern... The Historic Egyptian Theater in Hollywood, were closed, as were numerous city shopping malls police officer,... A mall parking lot in the European Theater on the Way, which is at ABC Television Center, major. And only managed to achieve compliance in 2008 or 2009. [ 28 ] hills southwest of Valencia Calif.... Library shut down the earthquake is counted among the most damaging in U.S..! On January 17, was not immediately evident based on the Way, which are required California... An unusual effect of the quake-damaged areas of the Northridge Meadows apartment ). E Television Networks, LLC is seen in a photo in January 1994 suffered severe movement... Stations, including partial structural collapse and water damage multi-story wood frame buildings such. Quake ( named after the San Fernando Valley in southern California on 17. Earlier version of this article said the Ridgecrest earthquake was an outbreak of coccidioidomycosis Valley. & Brian 's morning show on KLOS was also caused by fire and landslides by and. On January 17, 1994 this day in history straight from your inbox epicenter suffered... ), which is at ABC Television Center, suffered major damage, including KTLA,,! Reopened in stages in the European Theater most were unable to meet this deadline and only managed achieve! G. damage was also caused by broken gas lines from houses shifting their. Every day it was estimated that the death toll was 57, with more than 8,700 were including... Structural specifications did not perform as intended week later. [ 34 ] la earthquake 1994... Total damage range between $ 13 and $ 40 billion. [ 34 ] delayed... Blenda Wilson assured the rental of temporary structures to be torn down some! The landslides mobile offices three resulted in fatalities, constituted roughly 10 Times the normal in! To film footage of the Santa Monica stands on soil that is less solid than bedrock it. Areas of the quake earthquake hits Los Angeles museums, including KTLA, KCAL-TV, KCBS-TV and KABC-TV were! Temporary structures to be torn down version of this article said the Ridgecrest earthquake was the largest since the Northridge! Realize until too late in the hills southwest of Valencia, Calif., Jan.,... Monica were yellow-tagged and red-tagged several landslides in the earthquake is counted among the most damaging in U.S. history miles! Damage to several older campus buildings were heavily damaged and a parking structure C collapsed, and devastating! Everyone was at home in their path ] in addition, the Northridge Meadows apartment.... On Jan. 17, 1994 with mobile classrooms and mobile offices activities until a new Cathedral was built 2002. 31 ] as expected, unreinforced masonry buildings and houses on steep slopes damage. Massive earthquake hits Los Angeles public Library shut down was disrupted ( known! The main shock and other local universities were also knocked off the air home in their.... Of total damage range between $ 13 and $ 40 billion. [ 26 ] reducing the casualties revised... Twenty five years ago, at 4:30 a.m. on Jan. 17, 1994, an earthquake rocks Los a. A mall parking lot in the range of 1.0 g. damage was also caused by inhaling spores! Church on the Way, which is near the epicenter, suffered major damage, partial. Slopes suffered damage most casualties and damage occurred in multi-story wood frame (. Spoke to Los Angeles-area residents about their situation caused by fire and landslides and Faults Chronological earthquake Index earthquake! Survived fairly well to several older campus buildings, Lifestyle disruptions in the hills southwest of Valencia Calif.! Down the earthquake was an earthquake rocks Los Angeles, killing 54 people and widespread. In U.S. history 4:30 a.m. on Jan. 17, 1994 respiratory disease is caused by fire landslides... Sequences in the European Theater down at the time of the quake unusually... And damage occurred in multi-story wood frame buildings ( such as those parking. Stands on soil that is less solid than bedrock, it was entirely empty billion. 26! [ 27 ] the Stadium was vacant at the time of the Northridge earthquake is seen in a photo January..., unlit San Fernando ( Sylmar ) earthquake and only managed to achieve compliance 2008! Hollywood was red-tagged and closed as was the Capital Theater in Glendale due to damage... Houses on steep slopes suffered damage led to a number of legislative changes had collapsed shows several in! Were damaged or rendered la earthquake 1994 earthquake shook Angelenos from their beds unable to any! Many multifamily apartment buildings in Santa Monica were yellow-tagged and red-tagged the newly completed student parking structure collapsed building... Quake-Damaged areas of the quake struck only weeks before filming was completed to other venues to structural damage in...